Heaven and Tabernacle (Temple of God)

All of heaven is God’s Sanctuary for those who serve before His holy throne (Rev 7:15; 4; 5;). However, John indicates in Revelation 4; 5; 8:3-5; 11:19; 14:1-5; 15:5-8 that there is a special “Sanctuary” of God. In the eternal state i.e. in New Heaven and New Earth, there will be no temple (Rev 21:22).

The Scriptures show us that the tabernacle is a model of the Sanctuary/Temple of God, in some manner (Exodus 25:8-9; Heb 8:4). Moses made tabernacle, altars are all  copies of the heavenly pattern:

  • Exodus 25:8,9 - 1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 "Speak to the children of Israel, that they bring Me an offering. From everyone who gives it willingly with his heart you shall take My offering. 3 And this is the offering which you shall take from them: gold, silver, and bronze; 4 blue, purple, and scarlet thread, fine linen, and goats' hair; 5 ram skins dyed red, badger skins, and acacia wood; 6 oil for the light, and spices for the anointing oil and for the sweet incense; 7 onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod and in the breastplate. 8 And let them make Me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them. 9 According to all that I show you, that is, the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furnishings, just so you shall make it.
  • NIV Exodus 25:8,9 - 8 "Then have them make a sanctuary for me, and I will dwell among them. 9 Make this tabernacle and all its furnishings exactly like the pattern I will show you.
  • Heb 8:5 - 1 Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, 2 a Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man. 3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices. Therefore it is necessary that this One also have something to offer. 4 For if He were on earth, He would not be a priest, since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the law; 5 who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things, as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to make the tabernacle. For He said, "See that you make all things according to the pattern shown you on the mountain." 6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.
  • NLT: Heb 8:5 - 1  Here is the main point: Our High Priest sat down in the place of highest honor in heaven, at God's right hand. 2 There he ministers in the sacred tent, the true place of worship that was built by the Lord and not by human hands. 3 And since every high priest is required to offer gifts and sacrifices, our High Priest must make an offering, too. 4 If he were here on earth, he would not even be a priest, since there already are priests who offer the gifts required by the law of Moses. 5 They serve in a place of worship that is only a copy, a shadow of the real one in heaven. For when Moses was getting ready to build the Tabernacle, God gave him this warning: "Be sure that you make everything according to the design I have shown you here on the mountain." 6 But our High Priest has been given a ministry that is far superior to the ministry of those who serve under the old laws, for he is the one who guarantees for us a better covenant with God, based on better promises.
Earthly Temple / Tabernacle
(Exodus 25-30; 37; 36;)
Heavenly Temple
(Rev 4; 5; 6:9,16; 7:15; 8:1-5;  9:13; 11:19; 14:1-5,18; 15:5-8; 16:7)
Holy of Holies (Exodus 26:31-37) The throne of God (Rev 4:2)
Seven Branched Candle Stick (Exodus 25:31-39; Ex 37:17-24) Seven lamps of fire before the thrones (Rev 4:5)
Bronze Laver or Basin for Washing (Exodus 30:17-21) Sea of Glass (Rev 4:6, 15:2)
The Mercy Seat covered by the Cherubim wings
(Exodus 25:17-22)
God's Throne above the Cherubim (Ezekiel 1:22,23,26; 10:1)
Four living creatures around the throne (Rev 4:6)
Priest (Exodus 28; 29; Lev 8) Elders (Rev 4:4)
Bronze Altar (Exodus 27:1-8; 38:1-7) Altar (Rev 6:9-11)
Incense Altar (Exodus 30:1-5; 37:25-28) Incense Altar (Rev 5:9; 8:3-5)
Ark of the Covenant (Exodus 25:10-20; 37:1-9) Ark of His Covenant (Rev 11:19)

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